Karva Chauth: When & Why it is celebrated, Pooja Method, Mythological History, Story & Mantra

  • What is Karva Chauth
  • Why is Karva Chauth celebrated, what is the reason for this?
  • When is Karva Chauth celebrated
  • History of Karva Chauth
  • Importance of Mehndi in Karva Chauth
  • Karva chauth Pooja method
  • How to karwa Pooja
  • Mantra for Karva Chauth Pooja
  • How to arghya to moon on karva chauth
  • Story of karva chauth

What is Karva Chauth-

The word ‘Karva Chauth’ is made up of two words, ‘Karva’ meaning ‘earthen pot’ and ‘Chauth’ meaning ‘Chaturthi’. Earthen pots i.e. Karve have been considered of special importance on this festival. All married women wait for this festival throughout the year and perform all its rituals with great devotion. The festival of Karva Chauth is a symbol of strong relationship, love and trust between husband and wife. Karva Chauth is a festival of observing the love between husband and wife with utmost devotion and reverence. Since ancient times, women have been observing this fast for the longevity of their husbands. On this day, married women observe a fast for the longevity of their husbands and seek blessings from God.

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Why is Karva Chauth celebrated, what is the reason for this?

It has been a belief since ancient times that when Yamraj came to earth to pick up Satyavan, the husband of Savitri, Satyavan’s wife prayed to Yamraj to ask for her husband’s life back. He asked Yamraj to return his honeymoon. But Yamraj did not listen to him. On this Savitri started mourning after giving up food and water and sitting near the dead body of her husband. Seeing Savitri’s stubbornness for a long time, Yamraj took pity on her. Yamraj asked him to ask for a boon. On this Savitri asked for a boon to become the mother of many children. Savitri was a virtuous woman and could not think of anyone other than her husband, so Yamraj also had to bow down before her and bring Satyavan to life. Since then, women observe a Nirjala fast following Savitri to attain unbroken good fortune.

The fast of Karva Chauth is mainly observed by the women of North and West states of the country. It is believed that the men of these states have been serving in the army and getting recruited in the police since ancient times. So for their well being, the women of these states fast on Karva Chauth. So that her husband can be protected from enemies and his life is long. At the same time, the Rabi crop i.e. wheat crop is sown on those days when this festival is celebrated. In some places, women also keep wheat filled in Karwa and offer it to the Lord. So that a wonderful crop of wheat may be produced in his house.

When is Karva Chauth celebrate-

It is celebrated on the Chaturthi of Krishna Paksha of Kartik month. Saubhagyavati (suhagin) women celebrate this festival. This fast starts from about 4 am before sunrise in the morning and ends after seeing the moon in the night.

History of Karva Chauth-

According to many ancient stories, the tradition of Karva Chauth is going on since the time of the gods. It is believed that once a war started between the gods and the demons and the gods were getting defeated in that war. In such a situation, the deity went to Brahmadev and prayed for protection. Brahmdev said that to avoid this crisis, the wives of all the deities should observe a fast for their respective husbands and pray sincerely for their victory. Brahmadev promised that by doing so, the gods would surely win in this war. All the gods and their wives happily accepted this suggestion of Brahmadev. According to Brahmadev, on the day of Chaturthi in the month of Kartik, the wives of all the gods kept a fast and prayed for the victory of their husbands i.e. the gods. His prayer was accepted and the gods won the battle. Hearing this good news, all the God wives broke their fast and ate food. At that time the moon had also appeared in the sky. It is believed that the tradition of fasting Karva Chauth started from this day.

What is the importance of mehndi in karva chauth-

Mehndi is considered a sign of good luck. It is a belief in India that the girl whose hand mehndi is made deeper, she gets more love from her husband and in-laws. People also believe that deeply engraved Mehndi signifies long life and good health of your husband. Mehndi business flourishes the most during the festive season, especially

Karva chauth Pooja method-

The woman observing the fast, after retiring from daily activities in the morning, taking bath and evening etc., after taking a vow, should say that I will observe Karva Chauth fast for my good fortune and for the attainment of my son, grandson and immovable property. Not only fasting, but doing this fast in the form of Nirjala is considered more fruitful. In this fast, there is a law to worship Shiva-Parvati, Kartikeya and Gaura.

Worship the idols of Moon, Shiva, Parvati, Swami Kartikeya and Gaura duly by the Shodashopachar method, placing rice, urad dal, suhag materials, such as vermilion, bangles, glass, comb, ribbon and money in a copper or earthen vessel. Touching the feet of a very married woman or her mother-in-law should be offered to them.

In the evening, listen to the story from the priest, give charity and dakshina. After that, when there is full moonrise in the night, then after seeing the moon through a sieve, offer Arghya, perform the aarti and worship while seeing your husband. This prolongs the life of the husband. After that break the fast by drinking water from the hands of the husband.

In this fast, there is a law to worship Lord Shiva Shankar, Mata Parvati, Kartikeya, Ganesha and Moon God. By listening to the story of Karva Chauth, married women remain happy, they get happiness, peace, prosperity and children happiness in their house. In the Mahabharata also, there is a mention of a story on the greatness of Karva Chauth.
Lord Shri Krishna, while narrating this story of Karva Chauth to Draupadi, said that by observing this fast with full devotion and method, all sorrows are dispelled and happiness, good luck and wealth are attained in life. Draupadi also kept the fast of Karva Chauth by following the orders of Lord Krishna. Due to the effect of this fast, the five Pandavas including Arjuna won the battle of Mahabharata by defeating the army of Kauravas.

How to karwa Pooja-

In the worship of Karva Chauth, worship of metal Karve is considered to be the best. In the unavailability of the status quo, there is a law to worship even with the help of clay. There is a belief in the rural area that during the worship of Karva Chauth, the winter comes out of the spout of the decorated Karve itself. After Karva Chauth, at first, the cold gradually increases in the atmosphere in the nights and by the approaching of Deepawali, the cold starts increasing in the day also.

Mantra for Karva Chauth Pooja-

  • Parvati with ‘Om Shivaay Namah’,
  • Shiva with ‘Om Namah Shivaya’,
  • Swami Kartikeya with ‘Om Shanmukhay Namah’,
  • Ganesha with ‘Om Ganeshaya Namah’
  • Moon with ‘Om Somay Namah’. Read or listen to the story of Karva Chauth

How to Arghya to moon on karva chauth-

When the moon comes out, all the married women look at the moon in a sieve and then look at their husbands and perform all the rituals. After worshiping, she breaks her fast and promises to support her husband in every walk of life. Along with Chandradev, Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati and Kartikeya are also worshipped. It is believed that if all these are worshiped, then with the blessings of Mother Parvati, one gets all kinds of happiness in life.

Story of karva chauth-

The essence of the Karva Chauth story is that Veervati, the married daughter of Shakprasthapur Vedadharma Brahmin, observed the fast of Karva Chauth. According to the rules, she had to eat after moonrise, but her hunger did not go away and she became distraught. His sister’s distraction from her brothers was not noticed and they showed moonrise by spreading beautiful light of fireworks under the guise of Peepal and fed Veeravati.
The result was that her husband immediately disappeared. The impatient Veeravati kept a fast on every Chaturthi for twelve months and on the day of Karva Chauth, her husband was recovered by her penance.

Harshita Srivastava
Harshita Srivastava

I am interested to know and share about health and beauty tips, I have read and keep reading a lot of articles through newspaper, website and other social media platforms, and when we get a good content then I share with you through this website, mostly I share the content experienced by myself, family and my friends, apart from this I also love to write poetry. Whenever I get time I make Poem and I shared that too with you and will continue to do so,
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